Women at Work today
In 2014, G20 leaders committed to the “25 by 25” target, i.e. to reduce the gap in participation rates between men and women by 25 per cent by the year 2025. Estimates indicate that, under certain assumptions, if such a goal were to be realized across all countries, it has the potential to boost global employment by 189 million (5.3%). Economic benefits will also produce positive impacts in the women’s welfare and empowerment. This requirement comes with prerequisites. Above all, women must have the opportunity to realize their goals.
The unequal division of reproductive labour with men must be overcome. Women are more likely to work longer hours than men when both paid and unpaid work are taken into account. Due to time spent on household chores and on care provision, women work fewer hours for pay or profit or less paid part-time work is the only option available to them.
Legislation must prevent and eliminate discrimination based on gender. The principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value needs to be integrated into law and included in collective bargaining processes. However, laws alone -even with strict implementation and monitoring- are insufficient to prevent and eliminate discrimination, violence and harassment in the world of work. If we want to construct a different world of work for women, other measures such as capacity building and training, technical assistance to specialized equality bodies and public awareness campaigns are important complements in which we have to invest in an effort to change attitudes and social norms