The generation of greater opportunities for women and men to secure productive employment and decent work is one of the four strategic objectives of the International Labour Organization.

The ILO estimates that between 25 and 30 per cent of the world's labour force is unemployed or under-employed. In recent years, the world has experienced a decade of jobless growth and an economic recession that has dramatically raised levels of unemployment. In addition to formal unemployment, a large section of the world’s labour force holds precarious jobs in the informal economy or works in conditions of poverty. Women, young people, ethnic minorities and migrant workers are particularly vulnerable in the labour market.

The ILO believes that economic policies need to be supported by specific employment policies for ensuring that economic growth is job-rich and sustainable. The International Training Centre of the ILO offers training, learning and knowledge-sharing programmes that develop the capacity of decision-makers and practitioners in governments, employers’ organizations, workers’ organizations and other development partners to design and implement policies, programmes and institutions for more and better jobs and greater employability among workers.