Enhancing health and safety system
Occupational Safety and health (OSH) is a discipline that deals with the prevention of injuries and work-related diseases and the protection and promotion of the health of workers. For the achievement of a safe and healthy working environment for all workers, each country has to develop an effective national OSH system based on cooperation between government institutions and the social partners. A system of this kind will comprise various elements, including legislation and compliance assurance mechanisms, and a training and information network. The system needs to be continuously improved through the formulation and implementation of national OSH programmes, as guided by the Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention (No. 187) and Recommendation (No. 197), adopted by the ILO in 2006. Many developing and industrialized countries are increasingly adopting this ILO strategic approach to OSH, showing significant progress in the way that they manage OSH at the national level.
As with other issues that concern a business, OSH can be managed at enterprise level. In this respect, there has been a conceptual shift from seeing accidents and occupational diseases as unavoidable, and consequently focusing attention on insurance and "post-accident" measures (medical care, rehabilitation, compensation), to a preventive management approach. This approach requires preventive organization and management measures to anticipate, recognize, evaluate and control the occupational hazards that may endanger the health and welfare of workers.
The planning of OSH management in companies should be based on national policy and articulated through laws and regulations governing OSH, with the active participation of workers’ representatives, and promoted through other institutional OSH actions, such as training and information or the enforcement of legislation.
In this component, the focus is on how to manage OSH in RMG enterprises, exposing participants to ILO and other selected international best practices.
The training will enable participants to:
- Identify and analyse the requirements for effective national OSH governance;
- Identify hazards and perform a risk assessment, and propose measures for risk control in the RMG sector;
- Identify and apply methodological approaches / best occupational practices for implementing OSH in enterprises;
- Reach conclusions and make recommendations on the feasibility of applying the approaches and experiences under consideration to their national and institutional contexts, with a specific focus on RMG sector;
- Advise on the formulation, implementation and evaluation of national policies, strategies and programmes with regard to the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases.