E-learning on Fair Recruitment Processes for Practitioners

E-learning on Fair Recruitment Processes for Practioners

E-learning on Fair Recruitment Processes for Practitioners

7 September–16 October 2020
The course is available in English, Français
Introduction to the course

In today's globalized economy, workers are increasingly looking for job opportunities beyond their home country in search of decent work and better livelihoods. In addition, millions of workers migrate internally in search of employment. Public employment services and private employment agencies, when appropriately regulated, play an important role in the efficient and equitable functioning of labour markets by matching available jobs with suitably qualified workers. While some cross-border recruitment is facilitated by public employment services (within the framework of bilateral agreements that incorporate arrangements for temporary worker programmes), and social and informal networks, private employment agencies and other labour recruiters play an important role in matching labour supply and demand across borders. However, concerns have been raised about the growing role of unscrupulous employment agencies, informal labour intermediaries and other operators acting outside the legal and regulatory framework that prey especially on low-skilled workers and those desperately searching for work. Despite the existence of international labour standards relating to recruitment, national laws and their enforcement often fall short of protecting the rights of workers. For migrant workers, these may be coupled with threats if workers wish to leave their employers, and fears of subsequent expulsion from a country. Reported abuses involve one or more of the following: deception about the nature and conditions of work; retention of passports; illegal wage deductions; debt bondage linked to the repayment of recruitment fees and related costs; and threats if workers want to leave their employers, coupled with fears of subsequent expulsion from a country. A combination of these abuses can eventually result in human trafficking and forced labour which in turn are often linked to other serious infringements of fundamental rights in the workplace. Workers are vulnerable to abusive recruitment practices especially when they are seeking jobs in an environment of high unemployment, when fleeing crisis situations like wars or disasters, or when there is intense competition for jobs and they are not protected by transparent laws and effective enforcement. These problems are even more severe when governments have not laid down clear requirements in law and regulations for fair recruitment, adopted bilateral or multilateral agreements to prevent abuses in major recruitment corridors, or when they lack the capacity to enforce the law. A lack of appropriate government regulation and oversight often creates commercial uncertainties, and adds to the costs of doing business.

Who attends this course?

This new e-learning course is designed specifically for professional and practitioners dealing with migration, trafficking and/or forced labour and representatives of the recruitment industry as well as businesses;

Facts and Figures
  • According to the latest estimates (2018) there are 258 million international migrants of which 164 are migrant workers. This represents a 9% increase over the previous period. Of this number, 58 % are male and 42 % are female. Most are migrating in search for decent employment and better livelihoods.
  • 24.9 million People are in forced labour and trafficked globally. Of the total, 25% have been  abused outside their home country.
  • Migrant workers who borrow money from third parties face a heightened risk of being in forced labour. The ILO found that the “costs of coercion were approximately US$21 billion, with US$1.4 billion attributed to illegal recruitment fees”.
  • Survey data has shown that recruitment costs can amount to more than a year of average monthly earnings in some corridors.
  • ILO recent global study identified 90 countries in all regions that regulate or prohibit recruitment fees and related costs
  • Expert suggest that the mobility restriction and the decreased opportunities for overseas  employment due to the current COVID-19 pandemic might increase recruitment fees and related costs for migrant workers.

The recruitment intermediation landscape today is complex. The global governance system of labour migration is fragmented and a large number of actors are involved in the recruitment process: from private employment agencies, to multiple levels of subagents to whom work is passed by the principal agencies, to informal and/or unregulated labour recruiters. The revenues generated by the industry originate from the fees charged for temporary staffing, search and placement and corporate training services.

Finally, the new reality that the COVID-19 pandemic is creating for countries and societies is having an enormous impact on workers’ mobility across borders, particularly due to the imposition of strict limitations on international travel. It poses significant challenges to workers and their families, as well as for recruitment processes and the future of the recruitment industry.

TheThe “Fair Recruitment Initiative”, a global initiative launched by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in 2014, and the General principles and operational guidelines for fair recruitment adopted in 2016, offer responses to these challenges which are multifaceted. The latter has been expanded in 2018 to include a comprehensive definition of recruitment fees and related costs. The objective of these principles and guidelines is to inform the current and future work of the ILO and of other organizations, national legislatures, and social partners on promoting and ensuring fair recruitment. They are derived from a number of sources, including international labour standards and ILO instruments among others.

The aim of this course is to reinforce the capacities of the ILO constituents and other key actors to promote fair recruitment and by doing so ensuring that recruitment services respect workers’ fundamental principles and rights, including those of migrant workers.

As a result of this course I will be able to?
  • Better interpret the relevant international labour standards as well as the General principles and operational guidelines for fair recruitment and definition of recruitment fees and related costs;
  • Identify recruitment fees and related costs and the risks when workers pay for their recruitment.
  • Understand the economic determinants of informal/formal recruitment and measurement of recruitment costs;
  • Analyse the different recruitment options including private employment agencies, public employment agencies, bilateral labour agreements, workers’ cooperatives and directly through accredited employers, with tripartite and bipartite supervision;
  • Share good practices of laws, policies and enforcement mechanisms, including a compilation of regulatory and enforcement models that have demonstrated a measurable impact in reducing human trafficking and irregular migration;
  • Describe certain measures that can be taken to protect the rights of workers, including migrant workers, from abusive and fraudulent practices during the recruitment and placement process;
  • Disseminate tools and share research to help in the prevention of human trafficking and forced labour.

Analyse the key challenges in national and international recruitment of workers arising from the COVID-19 pandemic and the appropriate policies and measures to be taken

What topics are covered by this course?

The online training will be built around the ILO/ITCILO training module on Fair Recruitment Processes developed in the framework of the ILO REFRAME project.  

  • Module 1:  Why fair recruitment matters
  • Module 2:  The legal and normative framework for fair recruitment
  • Module 3: Public employment services and private employment agencies in a changing recruitment landscape
  • Module 4: Monitoring and enforcement of recruitment regulations
  • Module 5 : Fair recruitment in a global labour supply chain context
  • Cross-cutting module : Ensuring fair recruitment during the COVID-19 pandemic
Why should I join?
  • Virtual exchange with global experts with decades of international experience on migration, employment, and fair recruitment
  • Join and interact online with a global network of professionals to share learning and best practices
  • This new e-learning course consists of a blend of online resources on good practices and case studies, 'real time' interactive sessions led by highly experienced trainers, individual and collaborative group exercises using our e-Campus platform
  • Successful candidates receive an ITCILO Certificate of Achievement
  • This course qualifies for the ITCILO Diploma for Labour Migration Experts and Practitioners

The course consists of a number of online modules offered through the ITCILO eCampus online platform to be completed over a period of six weeks from 07 September 09 October, for an estimated total of 60 learning hours. Participants will have until 16 October to submit an individual assignment.

The course is broken down into different phases:

  •  Flexible self-guided online learning time: This takes place on the  on the online platform learning: Flexible (asynchronous) learning on eCampus platform of the course and is composed of compulsory readings, videos, self-paced modules and a weekly knowledge assessment
  • ‘Real time' learning: Live interactive sessions and engaging video presentations by highly experienced trainers, blended with individual and collaborative group exercises, peer-to-peer assessment and online technical forums on eCampus 
  • End of course assignment: Individual assignment applying to the participants’ context. Participants who successfully complete all assessments and the final assignment will receive a Certificate of Achievement.
Withdrawal, cancellation policy, and refunds for open courses

If an enrolled participant wishes or must withdraw from a course, they may choose to apply to a different course or be substituted by another candidate. The participant must notify the Centre, in writing, of their decision at least 14 days prior to the start date of the course. Cancellation of participation in regular courses will result in the following penalties:

  • 14 days or more prior to the start date of the course: No penalty, 100% refund of amount paid less applicable bank charges
  • 8 to 13 days prior to the start date of the course: Penalty of 50% of course price, refund of residual amount paid (if any) less applicable bank charges
  • 7 days or less prior to the start date of the course: Penalty of 100% of course price

Questions? We have the answers