Employment-Intensive Investment - Arabic (NEW)


الاستثمارات كثيفة العمالة

8 April–3 May 2024
The course is available in العربية
Introduction to the course

Infrastructure investment, when carefully designed and implemented, can be an effective policy tool in addressing employment challenges. In conflict and disaster situations, for instance, short-term emergency infrastructure work may be organized as part of the recovery effort, providing entry points for longer-term development projects. In other cases, when an economy faces structural challenges with limited labour market opportunities for formal work, long-term public employment programmes can be designed as a counter-cyclical policy tool. In both cases, investments in infrastructure, throughout their lifecycle, have significant potential to address the obstacles that hinder development, including rural and urban poverty and people's vulnerability. Such infrastructure investment contributes ultimately to a range of other longer-term development goals such as the SDGs, including local economic development, inclusive societies and environmental rehabilitation. By the end of the course, participants will be able to: - Understand the rationale for promoting employment-intensive approaches in delivering public investment; - Explore the thematic areas of work and related product lines of the Employment-Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP); - Assess how ILO core values cut across and strengthen all EIIP interventions; - Analyse EIIP implementation challenges at the national, local and community level; - Adopt feasible approaches to the optimization of employment opportunities that can help meet local infrastructure needs.

Who attends this course?

The course is intended for - Government officials operating at the local, provincial and national levels responsible for creating decent jobs, maintaining and developing infrastructure (construction, rehabilitation, maintenance), and planning national investment and development frameworks; - ILO and UN staff and development practitioners assisting local, provincial and national governments in developing public infrastructure investments, as well as evaluating their long-term impacts; - Donor organizations which are working or would like to work on public investment programmes and projects; - Public investment and employment policy advisers; - Research and education institutions, including technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutes.


The course covers the following six topics:


Learning block 1: local resource-based (LRB) approaches and community infrastructure

Learning Block 1 provides a general overview of ILO’s Employment-Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP) and then starts to dig into LBR approaches and community infrastructure. More specifically, it covers the following topics:


  • Overview of the ILO’s EIIP approach and strategy;
  • The infrastructure-employment nexus
  • The rationale for local resource-based approaches
  • How to plan and implement community infrastructure works
  • How to encourage participation of vulnerable groups



Learning block 2: public employment programmes

The second module introduces participants to Public Employment Programmes (PEPs), illustrating how these can improve labour and income prospects of key segments of society, particularly the poor underemployed and informal and rural workers. Specific topics include:

  • Rationale behind promoting PEPs
  • What are public employment programmes?
  • ILO’s EIIP approach to PEPs
  • PEPs as a complement to social protection
  • How to design and implement PEPs successfully?


Learning block 3: green works

The third module introduces participants to green works and explore how they contribute to environmental rehabilitation and improvement, nature conservation and adaptation to climate change. It covers the following topics:

  • ILO’s green objectives
  • The rationale for supporting green works
  • Infrastructure investments and climate change
  • EIIP’s approach to environmental restoration and conservation, climate change adaptation, climate proofing infrastructure, and building back better by restoring and protecting the productive capacity of ecosystems.
  • Examples of local resource-based climate resilient infrastructures


Learning block 4: small-scale contractors development

The fourth module focuses on the development of public entities and private sector stakeholders (particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs) in the construction sector, recognizing their increasingly central role in the completion of sustainable and inclusive infrastructure works through local resource-based approaches. Specifically, the module covers:

  • Rationale behind ILO support of small-scale contractors in labour-based works;
  • Overview of the four pillars of the ILO’s approach to developing SMEs for the national construction industry: (i) Enabling environment and policy, (ii) Administrative procedures and contractual management, (iii) Capacity building for labour-based methods of work, and (iv) Labour policy and practices.


Learning block 5: employment impact assessments (EmpIA)

The fifth module introduces participants to key concepts for the assessment of the employment potential of sectoral policies and investments, with a particular focus on infrastructure investments and policies. The EmpIA helps policy makers and development partners understand how many and how decent jobs are created along the construction value chain, which supports the development of long-term employment and investment policies appropriate to the contexts of local or national economies. These employment creation impacts can be categorized into direct, indirect, and induced (multiplier) effects of infrastructure investments. Since the use of the EmpIA tools requires a substantial amount of expertise, this module will cover the basic concept and what the tool can offer. Specific topics include:

  • What are EmpIAs?
  • ILO’s EIIP approach to EmpIAs
  • What kind of jobs are created along the construction value chain?
  • How to use the EmpIAs to formulate employment/investment policies?


Learning block 6: emergency employment

The EIIP often operates in fragile contexts in the midst or aftermath of humanitarian crises such as conflicts and natural disasters. Guided by the ILO’s Recommendation 205 on Jobs for Peace and Resilience, the EIIP approach can be leveraged to achieve the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, linking the humanitarian/immediate needs to longer-term developmental objectives. This final module introduces the EIIP’s emergence response schemes, which distance itself from “cash for work” due to their particular focus on decent work principles. Specific topics include:

  • R205 on Jobs for Peace and Resilience
  • Humanitarian-Development-Peace Nexus
  • Short-term emergency employment
  • Sustainability of emergency employment


The course also covers the following cross-cutting issues which are integrated in all six modules:

  1. Gender equality
  2. Reaching vulnerable groups
  3. Working conditions
  4. Environmental considerations
  5. Social dialogue
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