Strengthening social dialogue

Social dialogue is defined by the ILO as including all types of negotiation, consultation or simply exchange of information between, or among, representatives of governments, employers and workers, on issues of common interest relating to economic and social policy. It can exist as a tripartite process, with the government as an official party to the dialogue, or it may consist of bipartite relations between labour and management (or trade unions and employers’ organizations), with or without indirect government involvement.

The primary goal of the ILO is to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equality, security and human dignity. Social dialogue plays a key role in achieving this objective. It is both a means to strengthen democratic decision-making and promote decent work and an end in itself. Social dialogue may take different forms.

The main aim of social dialogue is to improve the quality of decisions and policies through the involvement of the main stakeholders in the world of work. There is no “one size fits all” model of social dialogue that can be readily exported from one context to another; rather, there is a rich diversity of institutional arrangements, legal frameworks and traditions and practices throughout the world. Adapting social dialogue to the specific circumstances of the RMG sector is key to ensuring the full ownership and sustainability of the process.

This component will develop participants’ knowledge and skills for engaging in successful social dialogue at all levels by:

  • Identifying enabling conditions for effective social dialogue and industrial relations;
  • Referring to key international labour standards as tools for promoting social dialogue;
  • Analysing good practices of social dialogue and industrial relations from different regions;
  • Reviewing experience of tripartite social dialogue and industrial relations, and discussing how to improve it;
  • Formulating recommendations for strengthening the national institutions responsible for tripartite social dialogue and industrial relations at all levels;
  • Establishing contacts with experts and practitioners in the field of social dialogue and promoting sound industrial relations for further cooperation and networking.

International Training Centre of the ILO

Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Turin - Italy

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