Academy on Labour Migration

Academy on Labour Migration

Academy on Labour Migration

1–26 juillet 2024
Le cours est disponible en English, Español
Principales caractéristiques
LEARN DIFFERENTLY

Méthodologies de formation innovantes et utilisation intégrée de la technologie d'apprentissage numérique

CHEMIN FLEXIBLE

L'apprentissage commence à son propre rythme, se poursuit par des sessions "en temps réel" de haute qualité et engageantes et se termine par un travail individuel

CERTIFICATE DEL ACHIVEMENT

Les candidats retenus obtiendront un certificat de réussite ITCILO.

RESPONSABILISATIONS HIGHES - LEVELLES

Apprendre des formateurs d'ITCILO, de l'OIT et des spécialistes mondiaux de la migration

Présentation du cours

Today there are an estimated 281 million international migrants around the world, the majority of whom are migrant workers. According to the ILO, in 2019, there were 169 million international migrant workers in the world and they constituted 4.9 per cent of the global labour force in the destination countries. These international migrant workers made up approximately 69 per cent of the world's international migrant population of working age (aged 15 and over). Crossing national borders to work is one of the key motivations behind international migration, whether driven by economic inequalities, seeking employment, or both. The additional impact of economic, political and environmental crises and shifting demographics, with ageing populations in some parts of the world and a "youth bulge" in others, contribute to rising labour migration. Globalization, demographic shifts, conflicts, income inequalities and climate change will encourage ever more people to cross borders in search of employment and security. Yet, the migration process entails complex challenges in terms of governance, migrant workers' protection, migration and development linkages, and international cooperation. The Academy on Labour Migration (LMA) offers participants a unique opportunity to benefit from a diversified training package, exploring fair and effective labour migration governance, linkages between migration and sustainable development, and instruments and mechanisms for protecting the rights of migrant workers, refugees, and their respective families, including in situations of crisis. Participants will tailor-make their own learning experience by choosing from several elective courses proposed, and will benefit from an innovative and dynamic learning environment.

Groupes cibles

The LMA is geared towards the following groups: - Policy planners and officials from various governmental institutions and agencies involved in labour migration and mobility - Representatives of workers' and employers' organizations handling labour migration and refugees matters - Staff of NGOs and civil society organizations, and activists working with migrant workers and refugees at the grass-roots level - Representatives of diaspora and migrants' associations - Staff of international development agencies and regional economic communities - Researchers and academics working on labour migration and forced displacement - Journalists and media workers

Qu'est-ce que je pourrai faire ?

L'AMT vise à fournir des connaissances avancées et à renforcer la capacité des principaux acteurs de la migration à mieux comprendre les défis et les opportunités de la migration de main-d'œuvre dans un contexte politique, économique et social changeant.

Il couvre un large éventail de thèmes transversaux liés à la migration de main-d'œuvre, tels que la protection des travailleurs migrants, hommes et femmes, la gouvernance équitable et efficace de la migration de main-d'œuvre, la migration et le déplacement induits par les crises et les liens entre la migration et le développement durable. À la fin de l’Académie, les participants seront en mesure de :

  • Comprendre et aborder les principales questions et politiques relatives à la migration et à la mobilité de la main-d'œuvre aux niveaux mondial et régional, y compris dans une perspective d'égalité entre les hommes et les femmes ;
  • Promouvoir les liens entre migration et développement et les approches fondées sur les droits dans les politiques et programmes de migration de main-d'œuvre aux niveaux national, régional et international ;
  • Reconnaître le rôle central du dialogue social et des principaux acteurs du monde du travail (représentants des organisations d'employeurs et de travailleurs) dans l'élaboration des politiques en matière de migration de main-d'œuvre et dans la résolution des problèmes critiques liés à la migration de main-d'œuvre ;
  • Analyser et utiliser les normes internationales du travail et les mécanismes et procédures de contrôle de l'OIT et des Nations unies pour protéger les droits de l'homme des travailleurs migrants, y compris les droits du travail ;
  • Explorer et appliquer l'approche du "travail décent" pour les migrants et les réfugiés.
Quels sont les thèmes abordés dans cette cour ?

Le contenu de l'AMT s'inspirera de l'Agenda de l'OIT pour des migrations équitables et d'autres résultats clés, tels que les conclusions de la discussion générale sur les migrations de main-d'œuvre de la Conférence internationale du Travail de juin 2017, les conclusions de la réunion technique tripartite sur les migrations de main-d'œuvre de novembre 2013, le cadre multilatéral de l'OIT sur les migrations de main-d'œuvre de 2006 et le plan d'action de la Conférence internationale du Travail de 2004 en faveur des travailleurs migrants. Les Principes directeurs sur l'accès des réfugiés et autres personnes déplacées de force au marché du travail, adoptés par la réunion technique tripartite en juillet 2016, et les Principes et directives opérationnelles sur le recrutement équitable, adoptés par la réunion tripartite d'experts en septembre 2016, sont également des sources importantes et pertinentes.

 

STRUCTURE DU COURS :

Sessions plénières

Les sessions plénières aborderont les questions clés, les tendances actuelles et les débats importants au cœur de la migration de main-d'œuvre aujourd'hui. Elles servent d'introduction aux principaux sujets couverts par l'Académie, qui seront explorés et discutés plus en détail pendant les cours à option.

Cours électives

Les cours à option sont organisés en quatre domaines thématiques. Cliquez sur chacun d'entre eux pour en savoir plus.

Labour migration, by its very nature, is interwoven with overall labour market policies and specific policy areas such as workers’ rights, skills development and skills recognition, job creation, education and vocational training and social protection. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) advocates for labour migration to be addressed as a labour issue by labour authorities in collaboration with social partners – employers’ and workers’ organizations – and other relevant actors. It is this social dialogue between authorities and social partners which is crucial to the elaboration and implementation of credible, viable and sustainable labour migration policies and practices. However, in many countries of both origin and destination, non-governmental actors most directly involved with the labour market are not fully recognized or incorporated in the process of migration policy development.

It is essential to recognize how labour migration affects labour markets and how the participation of social partners can help incorporate a social dimension into labour migration policies. Social partners can provide early information on labour market needs and should also be consulted on labour migration admission policies, e.g. in the establishment of quotas, shortage occupation lists, etc. 

Labour migration and free circulation of labour are increasingly featuring on the agenda of regional integration processes. Indeed, experience has shown that regional agreements on labour migration often have a more immediate impact on how people move, and under what conditions, than international conventions or treaties. This underscores the need for regional policy approaches and coordination for the harmonisation of labour policies, including on policy issues such as recognition of professional qualifications, social security coverage and portability of benefits. The inclusion of mechanisms for social dialogue is consequently essential also at the sub-regional and regional levels.

Lack of labour protection for migrant workers undermines protection generally for all workers. The many international labour standards adopted over the years by the International Labour Conference of the ILO are important for safeguarding the dignity and rights of migrant workers. In principle, all international labour standards, unless otherwise stated, are applicable to migrant workers.

From its very inception, the ILO also resolved to protect "the interests of workers employed in countries other than their own" (ILO Constitution, 1919, Preamble, recital 2), and has pioneered the development of specific international standards for the governance of labour migration and protection of  migrant workers. it has adopted two Conventions, in 1949 and 1975, which are accompanied by non-binding Recommendations.

The human desire to seek decent employment and livelihoods is at the core of the migration-development nexus. As more people cross borders to work in the coming years, fair and effective migration policies that protect the rights of migrant workers and reduce the costs of labour migration will be essential for achieving economic growth and enhancing development outcomes for migrant workers and their families, and for countries of origin and destination. The ILO works with governments, employers’ and workers’ organizations to improve labour migration policies that can achieve more equitable development with a focus on the needs of working men and women who generate the benefits towards development and who support their families and communities in countries of origin and destination.

Other important targets relating to labour migration are found in SDG 10 on reducing inequality within and among countries: “facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies” (target 10.7) and “by 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent” (target 10.c).

Globally, more than 100 million people are forcibly displaced by a number of drivers, which include (but are not limited) to conflict, violence and human rights violations, as well as natural disasters and climate change. Overwhelmingly, forced displacement affects emerging economies either as origin, transit or host countries.

Refugees generally face significant additional barriers to accessing the formal labour market, including legal and administrative restrictions, language barriers, discrimination, and practical difficulties in obtaining recognition of the skills and qualifications acquired in their home countries. As a result, they are often relegated to informal-economy jobs characterized by lack of social protection, low wages and poor working conditions, exploitation along with little opportunity for formal skills development or benefiting from business development services.

Despite these challenges, refugees and other forcibly displaced persons have important social and economic contributions to make. They bring skills, know-how and talent, and can make up for labour market shortages in host and transit countries. Refugee workers can also offset the consequences of changing demographics, such as population ageing and the resulting decline in the workforce.

How?

The course consists of a number of online modules offered through the ITCILO e-Campus online  platform to be completed over a period of seven weeks from 17 October to 2 December 2022, for an estimated 100 learning hours.

Key principles around the e-Academy:

  • Participants can select their own learning path leading to a different type of certificate.
  • Completion of the course is done through quizzes and exercises plus the completion of a final essay.
  • From Monday to Thursday, each participant shall have the opportunity to participate in live online training sessions in Spanish or English.
  • All sessions are recorded and posted on the platform after they have taken place to allow asynchronous training.
Pourquoi devrais-je adhérer ?

L'Académie est l'activité phare de l'OIT en matière de renforcement des capacités dans le domaine des migrations de main-d'œuvre. 

Les participants peuvent choisir des cours facultatifs qui explorent différents domaines thématiques. Profitez d'un environnement d'apprentissage hautement participatif et partagez des conseils pratiques sur des sujets pertinents.

Requirements de language

L'Académie sera proposée en anglais et en français. Tous les forums pléniers hebdomadaires ainsi que certains cours optionnels seront proposés en traduction simultanée, tandis que la plupart des cours optionnels se dérouleront en anglais ou en français.

Ce cours permet d'obtenir le diplôme ITCILO pour les experts et praticiens de la migration de main-d'œuvre.

Suivre l'Académie sur les migrations de main-d'œuvre, trois cours sur l'ensemble des cours éligibles au cours d'une période de cinq ans, et réaliser un projet de synthèse pour faire partie d'un groupe mondial de praticiens et d'experts disposant d'un ensemble de compétences reconnues en matière de politique de migration de main-d'œuvre.

How to Apply?

Interested candidates should register on-line clicking on the “APPLY NOW” button at the top-right of the page.

Selection will be based on the following criteria:

  • Proven work experience in relevant field;
  • Submission of a letter of sponsorship to cover the total course fees.
Costs and Payment

The cost of participation is 1,510 EUR and is payable in advance by the participant or his or her sponsoring organization.

Prove your skills with a Diploma

This course is part of one Diploma programme:

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