In 2014, the ILO launched the Fair Recruitment Initiative to help prevent human trafficking, protect the rights of workers (including migrant workers) from abusive and fraudulent practices during the recruitment and placement process, reduce the cost of labour migration and enhance development gains.
This training toolkit, developed under the framework of the ILO Fair Recruitment Initiative, has been designed in collaboration with the International Training Centre of the ILO. It represents a step forward to achieve the REFRAME Project objectives by producing and disseminating global knowledge and tools to inform policies and build capacities of relevant actors at different national, regional and international levels.
Moreover, the training toolkit is composed of five modules, which tackle specific —yet interrelated— topics pertaining to fair recruitment. Scroll down to read the description of each individual module.
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The first module of the toolkit on Establishing Fair Recruitment Processes aims to introduce the main concepts related to fair recruitment and the key features of the international recruitment landscape. In doing so, the module provides the necessary tools to tackle the other modules.
This module introduces the normative framework for fair recruitment, consisting principally of the General Principles and Operational Guidelines for Fair Recruitment, supplements legally binding treaties by unpacking the specific roles and responsibilities of the various actors implicated in the promotion of fair recruitment.
The modern recruitment landscape is constantly adapting in order to respond to rapidly changing labour market needs. In recent decades, it has been characterized by a rise in the prominence of private recruitment agencies. Governments, in their regulatory capacity, are required to determine the legal status and conditions for their operation.
The adoption in 1997 of the ILO Private Employment Agencies Convention (No. 181) reflected the acknowledgement of the growing role played by private recruitment agencies in matching workers with available jobs, and their potential to promote labour market efficiency. However, the Convention also recognizes the need for governments to regulate and monitor their activities.